Nature has blessed our skin with an outer most layer called Epidermis. It serves as the shield that impedes environmental factors to damage our skin and makes it water-resistant. Beneath the epidermis, lies the Dermis. Dermis, the chief structural layer of skin, is composed of protein collagen and elastin. These proteins are responsible for the elasticity and pliability of our skin.
With increasing age, the body’s ability to synthesize collagen decreases. This results in less collagen in almost all parts of your body; skin, bones, cartilages, muscles. It is the declining amount of collagen in your skin that principally causes wrinkles and sagging, loosening and thickening of skin. The function of sweat glands and oil glands also lessen.
Extrinsic factors that initiate early aging include:
- Frequent exposure to sun. The ultra violet radiations in the sun induce DNA damage
- Smoking tobacco
- Frequent exposure air pollution
- Food rich in free radicals such as fried foods. Accumulation of free radicals damage collagen fibers and elastin
Natural decline in collagen may not be under our control but we can oppress the extrinsic factors contributing to aging. This is the reason why different people exhibit signs of aging at different ages.
Here are a few measures that can help you delay the process of skin aging and wrinkle formation:
- Healthy diet. Use of green leafy vegetables and colored fruits in your diet. They are an essential source of Vitamin A, C and E.
- Moisturizing and cleansing your skin regularly.
- Regular use of sun blocks.
- Medical treatments such as face lifting, anti-aging creams, Botox, Sculptra.